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Multilevel nonvolatile optoelectronic memory based on memristive plasmonic tunnel junctions
preprintposted on 2023-11-29, 05:03 authored by Pan Wang, Mazhar E. Nasir, Alexey V. Krasavin, Wayne Dickson, Anatoly V. Zayats
Highly efficient information processing in brain is based on processing and memory components called synapses, whose output is dependent on the history of the signals passed through them. Here we have developed an artificial synapse with both electrical and optical memory effects using reactive tunnel junctions based on plasmonic nanorods. In an electronic realization, the electrons tunneled into plasmonic nanorods under low bias voltage are harvested to write information into the tunnel junctions via hot-electron-mediated chemical reactions with the environment. In an optical realization, the information can also be written optically by external light illumination to excite hot electrons in plasmonic nanorods. The stored information is non-volatile and can be read in both realizations either electrically or optically by measuring the resistance or inelastic-tunnelling-induced light emission, respectively. These memristive light-emitting plasmonic tunnel junctions can be used as memory, logic units or artificial synapses in future optoelectronic or neuromorphic information systems.