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Multiplexing spectral line shape of waveguide transmission by photonic spin-orbit interaction
preprintposted on 2023-06-22, 16:01 authored by Yuqiong Cheng, Wanyue Xiao, Shubo Wang
Manipulating the spectral line shape exhibits great potential in realizing active optical circuits with switching, sensing, and modulation capabilities. Exploring unusual line shapes, such as Fano resonance and electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT), has attracted substantial interest. Conventional methods of engineering the spectral line shape have limited tunability and face challenges in multiplexing different spectral line shapes. Here, we propose and numerically demonstrate a new mechanism to tailor the transmission line shape almost at will by exploiting the interference of frequency-dependent chiral dipolar states in two helix particles sitting above a dielectric waveguide. We show that, by tuning the polarization of the chiral dipoles and exploiting transverse spin-orbit interaction, one can control the asymmetric Pancharatnam-Berry geometric phase for the excited guided waves propagating in opposite directions. The interference of the guided waves respectively excited by the two particles can give rise to transmissions with various line shapes, including Lorentzian-like, antiresonance-like, Fano-like, and EIT-like line shapes, which carry an intriguing property of line shape-momentum locking, i.e., the transmissions in opposite directions have different line shapes. Our findings open new possibilities for multiplexed and multifunctional nanophotonic designs with unprecedented capability of spectral-line shaping. The proposed structures can be conveniently integrated with optical circuits for on-chip applications.