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# N$_2^+$ Lasing: Gain and Absorption in the Presence of Rotational Coherence

preprint

posted on 2023-11-30, 19:40 authored by Marianna Lytova, Maria Richter, Felipe Morales, Olga Smirnova, Misha Ivanov, Michael SpannerWe simulate the pump-probe experiments of lasing in molecular nitrogen ions with particular interest on the effects of rotational wave-packet dynamics. Our computations demonstrate that the coherent preparation of rotational wave packets in N$_2^+$ by an intense short non-resonant pulse results in a modulation of the subsequent emission from $B^2\Sigma_u^+ \rightarrow X^2\Sigma_g^+$ transitions induced by a resonant seed pulse. We model the dynamics of such pumping and emission using density matrix theory to describe the N$_2^+$ dynamics and the Maxwell wave equation to model the seed pulse propagation. We show that the gain and absorption of a delayed seed pulse is dependent on the pump-seed delay, that is, the rotational coherences excited by the pump pulse can modulate the gain and absorption of the delayed seed pulse. Further, we demonstrate that the coherent rotational dynamics of the nitrogen ions can cause lasing without electronic inversion.