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Nanocircuit transmitting microwave and terahertz harmonics generated by a mode-locked laser
preprintposted on 2023-01-12, 13:54 authored by Mark j. Hagmann, Isaac Martin
Earlier we focused a mode-locked laser on the tip-sample tunneling junction of a scanning tunneling microscope. This superimposed currents at hundreds of harmonics of the laser pulse-repetition rate on the DC tunneling current. The power at each harmonic is inversely proportional to its frequency. However, analysis suggests that within the tunneling junction the harmonics only decay above 45 THz as the exponent of minus the square of the product of the harmonic number and the laser duty cycle. Now this effect is applied in a nanocircuit with an optical antenna to receive the laser radiation, metal-insulator-metal tunneling diodes to generate the harmonics, and filters to select the microwave or terahertz harmonics that are transmitted by a second antenna.