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Nanosecond time-resolved dual-comb absorption spectroscopy
preprintposted on 2023-01-10, 03:25 authored by David A. Long, Matthew J. Cich, Carl Mathurin, Adam T. Heiniger, Garrett C. Mathews, Augustine Frymire, Gregory B. Rieker
Frequency combs have revolutionized the field of optical spectroscopy, enabling researchers to probe molecular systems with a multitude of accurate and precise optical frequencies. While there have been tremendous strides in direct frequency comb spectroscopy, these approaches have been unable to record high resolution spectra on the nanosecond timescale characteristic of many physiochemical processes. Here we demonstrate a new approach to optical frequency comb generation in which a pair of electro-optic combs is produced in the near-infrared and subsequently transferred with high mutual coherence and efficiency into the mid-infrared within a single optical parametric oscillator. The high power, mutual coherence, and agile repetition rates of these combs as well as the large mid-infrared absorption of many molecular species enable fully resolved spectral transitions to be recorded in timescales as short as 20 ns. We have applied this approach to study the rapid dynamics occurring within a supersonic pulsed jet, however we note that this method is widely applicable to fields such as chemical and quantum physics, atmospheric chemistry, combustion science, and biology.