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Nanostructured Multilayer Coatings for Spatial Filtering

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posted on 2023-11-30, 20:59 authored by Lina Grineviciute, Ceren Babayigit, Darius Gailevičius, Martynas Peckus, Mirbek Turduev, Tomas Tolenis, Mikas Vengris, Hamza Kurt, Kestutis Staliunas
Spatial filtering is an important mechanism to improve the spatial quality of laser beams. Typically, a confocal arrangement of lenses with a diaphragm in the focal plane is used for intracavity spatial filtering. Such conventional filtering requires access to the far-field domain. In microlasers, however, conventional filtering is impossible due to the lack of space in micro-resonators to access the far-field. Therefore, a novel concept for more compact and efficient spatial filtering is necessary. In this study, we propose and demonstrate a conceptually novel mechanism of spatial filtering in the near-field domain, by a nanostructured multilayer coating - a 2D photonic crystal structure with a periodic index modulation along the longitudinal and transverse direction to the beam propagation. The structure is built on a nano-modulated substrate, to provide the transverse periodicity. The physical vapor deposition is used to provide self-repeating modulation in the longitudinal direction. We experimentally demonstrate a 5 micron thick photonic multilayer structure composed of nanostructured multiple layers of alternating high- and low-index materials providing spatial filtering in the near-infrared frequencies with 2{\deg} low angle passband. The proposed photonic structure can be considered as an ideal component for intracavity spatial filtering in microlasers.



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