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Noiseless photonic non-reciprocity via optically-induced magnetization

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posted on 2023-11-30, 20:36 authored by Xin-Xin Hu, Zhu-Bo Wang, Pengfei Zhang, Guang-Jie Chen, Yan-Lei Zhang, Gang Li, Xu-Bo Zou, Tiancai Zhang, Hong X. Tang, Chun-Hua Dong, Guang-Can Guo, Chang-Ling Zou
The realization of optical non-reciprocity is crucial for many device applications, and also of fundamental importance for manipulating and protecting the photons with desired time-reversal symmetry. Recently, various new mechanisms of magnetic-free non-reciprocity have been proposed and implemented, avoiding the limitation of the strong magnetic field imposed by the Faraday effect. However, due to the difficulties in suppressing the drive and its induced noises, these devices exhibit limited isolation performances and leave the quantum noise properties rarely studied. Here, we demonstrate a new approach of magnetic-free non-reciprocity by optically induced magnetization in an atom ensemble. Excellent isolation of signal (highest isolation ratio is 51.4 dB) is observed over a power dynamic range of 7 orders of magnitude, with the noiseless property verified by quantum statistics measurement. The approach is applicable to other atoms and atom-like emitters in solids, paving the way for future studies of integrated photonic non-reciprocal devices, unidirectional quantum storage and state transfer, as well as topological photonics technologies.

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