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Non-Hermitian engineering of terahertz light using exceptional points in electrically tuneable collective light-matter interactions

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Version 2 2023-06-08, 12:47
Version 1 2023-01-12, 13:53
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posted on 2023-06-08, 12:47 authored by M. Said Ergoktas, Sina Soleymani, Nurbek Kakenov, Thomas B. Smith, Gokhan Bakan, Kaiyuan Wang, Sinan Balci, Alessandro Principi, Kostya S. Novoselov, Sahin K. Ozdemir, Coskun Kocabas
The topological structure associated with the branchpoint singularity around an exceptional point (EP) provides new tools for controlling the propagation of electromagnetic waves and their interaction with matter. To date, observation of EPs in light-matter interactions has remained elusive and has hampered further progress in applications of EP physics. Here, we demonstrate the emergence of EPs in the electrically controlled interaction of light with a collection of organic molecules in the terahertz regime at room temperature. We show, using time-domain terahertz spectroscopy, that the intensity and phase of terahertz pulses can be controlled by a gate voltage which drives the device across the EP. This fully electrically-tuneable system allows reconstructing the Riemann surface associated with the complex energy landscape and provides a topological control of light by tuning the loss-imbalance and frequency detuning of interacting modes. We anticipate that our work could pave the way for new means of dynamic control on the intensity and phase of terahertz field, developing topological optoelectronics, and studying the manifestations of EP physics in the quantum correlations of the light emitted by a collection of emitters coupled to resonators.

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