Non-perturbative theory of spontaneous parametric down-conversion in open and dispersive optical systems
preprintposted on 2023-06-06, 16:00 authored by Aleksa Krstić, Frank Setzpfandt, Sina Saravi
We develop a non-perturbative formulation based on the Green-function quantization method, that can describe spontaneous parametric down-conversion in the high-gain regime in nonlinear optical structures with arbitrary amount of loss and dispersion. This formalism opens the way for description and design of arbitrary complex and/or open nanostructured nonlinear optical systems in quantum technology applications, such as squeezed-light generation, nonlinearity-based quantum sensing, and hybrid quantum systems mediated by nonlinear interactions. As an example case, we numerically investigate the scenario of integrated quantum spectroscopy with undetected photons, in the high-gain regime, and uncover novel gain-dependent effects in the performance of the system.