Nonlinear interactions of dipolar excitons and polaritons in MoS2 bilayers
preprintposted on 2023-06-08, 12:54 authored by Charalambos Louca, Armando Genco, Salvatore Chiavazzo, Thomas P. Lyons, Sam Randerson, Chiara Trovatello, Peter Claronino, Rahul Jayaprakash, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Stefano Dal Conte, David G. Lidzey, Giulio Cerullo, Oleksandr Kyriienko, Alexander I. Tartakovskii
Nonlinear interactions between excitons strongly coupled to light are key for accessing quantum many-body phenomena in polariton systems. Atomically-thin two-dimensional semiconductors provide an attractive platform for strong light-matter coupling owing to many controllable excitonic degrees of freedom. Among these, the recently emerged exciton hybridization opens access to unexplored excitonic species, with a promise of enhanced interactions. Here, we employ hybridized interlayer excitons (hIX) in bilayer MoS2 to achieve highly nonlinear excitonic and polaritonic effects. Such interlayer excitons possess an out-of-plane electric dipole as well as an unusually large oscillator strength allowing observation of dipolar polaritons(dipolaritons) in bilayers in optical microcavities. Compared to excitons and polaritons in MoS2 monolayers, both hIX and dipolaritons exhibit about 8 times higher nonlinearity, which is further strongly enhanced when hIX and intralayer excitons, sharing the same valence band, are excited simultaneously. This gives rise to a highly nonlinear regime which we describe theoretically by introducing a concept of hole crowding. The presented insight into many-body interactions provides new tools for accessing few-polariton quantum correlations.