Optica Open
arXiv.svg (5.58 kB)

Nonlinear states and dynamics in a synthetic frequency dimension

Download (5.58 kB)
posted on 2023-11-30, 19:44 authored by Aleksandr K. Tusnin, Alexey M. Tikan, Tobias J. Kippenberg
Recent advances in the study of synthetic dimensions revealed a possibility to employ the frequency space as an additional degree of freedom which allows for investigating and exploiting higher-dimensional phenomena in a priori low-dimensional systems. However, the influence of nonlinear effects on the synthetic frequency dimensions was studied only under significant restrictions. In the present paper, we develop a generalized mean-field model for the optical field envelope inside a single driven-dissipative resonator with quadratic and cubic nonlinearities, whose frequencies are coupled via an electro-optical resonant temporal modulation. The leading order equation takes the form of driven Gross-Pitaevskii equation with a cosine potential. We numerically investigate the nonlinear dynamics in such microring resonator with a synthetic frequency dimension in the regime where parametric frequency conversion occurs. In the case of anomalous dispersion, we find that the presence of electro-optical mode coupling confines and stabilizes the chaotic modulation instability region. This leads to the appearance of a novel type of stable coherent structures which emerge in the synthetic space with restored translational symmetry, in a region of parameters where conventionally only chaotic modulation instability states exist. This structure appears in the center of the synthetic band and, therefore, is referred to as Band Soliton. Finally, we extend our results to the case of multiple modulation frequencies with controllable relative phases creating synthetic lattices with nontrivial geometry. We show that an asymmetric synthetic band leads to the coexistence of chaotic and coherent states of the electromagnetic field inside the cavity i.e. dynamics that can be interpreted as chimera-like states. Recently developed $\chi^{(2)}$ microresonators can open the way to experimentally explore our findings.



This arXiv metadata record was not reviewed or approved by, nor does it necessarily express or reflect the policies or opinions of, arXiv.

Usage metrics




    Ref. manager