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Nonreciprocal total cross section of quantum metasurfaces
preprintposted on 2023-01-10, 03:27 authored by Nikita Nefedkin, Michele Cotrufo, Andrea Alù
Nonreciprocity originating from classical interactions among nonlinear scatterers has been attracting increasing attention in the quantum community, offering a promising tool to control excitation transfer for quantum information processing and quantum computing. In this work, we explore the possibility of realizing largely nonreciprocal total cross sections for a pair of quantum metasurfaces formed by two parallel periodic arrays of two-level atoms. We show that large nonreciprocal responses can be obtained in such nonlinear systems by controlling the position of the atoms and their transition frequencies, without requiring that the environment in which the atoms are placed is nonreciprocal. We demonstrate the connection of this effect with the population of a slowly-decaying dark state, which is critical to obtain large nonreciprocal responses.