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On-chip III-V monolithic integration of heralded single photon sources and beamsplitters

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posted on 2023-11-30, 17:30 authored by J. Belhassen, F. Baboux, Q. Yao, M. Amanti, I. Favero, A. Lemaître, S. W. Kolthammer, I. A. Walmsley, S. Ducci
We demonstrate a monolithic III-V photonic circuit combining a heralded single photon source with a beamsplitter, at room temperature and telecom wavelength. Pulsed parametric down-conversion in an AlGaAs waveguide generates counterpropagating photons, one of which is used to herald the injection of its twin into the beamsplitter. We use this configuration to implement an integrated Hanbury-Brown and Twiss experiment, yielding a heralded second-order correlation $g^{(2)}_{\rm her}(0)=0.10 \pm 0.02$ that confirms single-photon operation. The demonstrated generation and manipulation of quantum states on a single III-V semiconductor chip opens promising avenues towards real-world applications in quantum information.

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