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On-chip synchronous pumped $\chi^{(3)}$ optical parametric oscillator on thin-film lithium niobate

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posted on 2023-04-27, 16:01 authored by Rebecca Cheng, Mengjie Yu, Amirhassan Shams-Ansari, Yaowen Hu, Christian Reimer, Mian Zhang, Marko Lončar
Optical parametric oscillation (OPO) has widely been utilized as a means of generating light with wide spectral coverage from a single pump laser. These oscillators can be driven using either continuous-wave (CW) light, which only requires lining up of the pump frequency with OPO resonance, or pulsed light, which also mandates that the repetition rate of the pulse and free spectral range of the OPO cavity are carefully tuned to match each other. Advancements in nanophotonics have ignited interest in chip-scale OPOs, which enable low-footprint and high-efficiency solutions to broadband light generation. CW-pumped integrated OPO has been demonstrated using both $\chi^{(2)}$ and $\chi^{(3)}$ parametric oscillation. However, realizing pulse-driven on-chip OPO remains challenging, as microresonator cavities have limited tuning range in the FSR and resonance frequency compared to traditional bulk cavities. Here, we overcome this limitation and demonstrate a $\chi^{(3)}$ pulse-driven OPO by using a tunable on-chip femtosecond pulse generator to synchronously pump the oscillator. The output frequency comb generated by our OPO has 30-GHz repetition rate, spans 2/5 of an octave and consists of over 1400 comb lines with a pump-to-comb conversion efficiency of 10%.



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