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On-demand reversible switching of the emission mode of individual semiconductor quantum emitters using plasmonic metasurfaces

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posted on 2023-08-23, 16:00 authored by Adam Olejniczak, Zuzanna Lawera, Mario Zapata-Herrera, Andrey Chuvilin, Pavel Samokhvalov, Igor Nabiev, Marek Grzelczak, Yury Rakovich, Victor Krivenkov
The field of quantum technology has been rapidly expanding in the past decades, yielding numerous applications as quantum information, quantum communication and quantum cybersecurity. The central building block for these applications is a quantum emitter (QE), a controllable source of single photons or photon pairs. Semiconductor QEs such as perovskite nanocrystals (PNCs) and semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) have been demonstrated to be a promising material for pure single-photon emission, and their hybrids with plasmonic nanocavities may serve as sources of photon pairs. Here we have designed a system in which individual quantum emitters and their ensembles can be traced before, during, and after the interaction with the external plasmonic metasurface in controllable way. Upon coupling the external plasmonic metasurface to the array of QEs, the individual QEs switch from single-photon to photon-pair emission mode. Remarkably, this method does not affect the chemical structure and composition of the QEs, allowing them to return to their initial state after decoupling from the plasmonic metasurface. By employing this approach, we have successfully demonstrated the reversible switching of the ensemble of individual semiconductor QEs between single-photon and photon pair emission modes. This significantly broadens the potential applications of semiconductor QEs in quantum technologies.

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