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On vortex strength and beam propagation factor of fractional vortex beams

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posted on 2023-11-29, 05:10 authored by Jisen Wen, Li-Gang Wang, Xihua Yang, Junxiang Zhang, Shi-Yao Zhu
Fractional vortex beams (FVBs) with non-integer topological charges attract much attention due to unique features of propagations, but there still exist different viewpoints on the change of their total vortex strength. Here we have experimentally demonstrated the distribution and number of vortices contained in FVBs at Fraunhofer diffraction region. We have verified that the jumps of total vortex strength for FVBs happens only when non-integer topological charge is before and after (but very close to) any even integer number, which originates from two different mechanisms for generation and movement of vortices on focal plane. Meanwhile, we have also measured the beam propagation factor (BPF) of such FVBs, and have found that their BPF values almost increase linearly in one component and oscillate increasingly in another component. Our experimental results are in good agreement with numerical results.

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