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One-dimensional solitons in fractional Schr\"{o}dinger equation with a spatially modulated nonlinearity: nonlinear lattice

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posted on 2023-11-30, 18:59 authored by Liangwei Zeng, Jianhua Zeng
The existence and stability of stable bright solitons in one-dimensional (1D) media with a spatially periodical modulated Kerr nonlinearity are demonstrated by means of the linear-stability analysis and in direct numerical simulations. The nonlinear potential landscape can balance the fractional-order diffraction and thus stabilizes the solitons, making the model unique and governed by the recently introduced fractional Schr\"{o}dinger equation with a self-focusing cubic nonlinear lattice. Both 1D fundamental and multihump solitons (in forms of dipole and tripole ones) are found, which occupy one or three cells of the nonlinear lattice respectively, depending on the soliton's power (intensity). We find that the profiles of the predicted soliton families are impacted intensely by the L\'{e}vy index $\alpha$ which denotes the level of fractional Laplacian, so does to their stability. The stabilization of soliton families is possible if $\alpha$ exceeds a threshold value, below which the balance between fractional-order diffraction and the spatially modulated focusing nonlinearity will be broken.

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