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Optical Frequency Combs from High-Order Sideband Generation

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posted on 2023-11-30, 06:11 authored by Darren Valovcin, Hunter Banks, Shawn Mack, Arthur Gossard, Kenneth West, Loren Pfeiffer, Mark Sherwin
We report on the generation of frequency combs from the recently-discovered phenomenon of high-order sideband generation (HSG). A near-band gap continuous-wave (cw) laser with frequency $f_\text{NIR}$ was transmitted through an epitaxial layer containing GaAs/AlGaAs quantum wells that were driven by quasi-cw in-plane electric fields $F_\text{THz}$ between 4 and 50 kV/cm oscillating at frequencies $f_\text{THz}$ between 240 and 640 GHz. Frequency combs with teeth at $f_\text{sideband}=f_\text{NIR}+nf_\text{THz}$ ($n$ even) were produced, with maximum reported $n>120$, corresponding to a maximum comb span $>80$ THz. Comb spectra with the identical product $f_\text{THz}\times F_\text{THz}$ were found to have similar spans and shapes in most cases, as expected from the picture of HSG as a scattering-limited electron-hole recollision phenomenon. The HSG combs were used to measure the frequency and linewidth of our THz source as a demonstration of potential applications.

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