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Optical control of topological end states via soliton formation in a 1D lattice

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posted on 2024-04-17, 16:00 authored by Christina Jörg, Marius Jürgensen, Sebabrata Mukherjee, Mikael C. Rechtsman
Solitons are self-consistent solutions of the nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation that maintain their shape during propagation. Here we show, using a pump-probe technique, that soliton formation can be used to optically induce and control a linear topological end state in the bulk of a Su-Schrieffer-Heeger lattice, using evanescently-coupled waveguide arrays. Specifically, we observe an abrupt nonlinearly-induced transition above a certain power threshold due to an inversion symmetry-breaking nonlinear bifurcation. Our results demonstrate all-optical active control of topological states.

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