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Optical solitons and vortices in fractional media: A mini-review of recent results
preprintposted on 2023-01-12, 13:52 authored by Boris A. Malomed
The article produces a brief review of some recent results which predict stable propagation of solitons and solitary vortices in models based on the nonlinear Schroedinger equation including fractional one- or two-dimensional diffraction and cubic or cubic-quintic nonlinear terms, as well as linear potentials. The fractional diffraction is represented by fractional-order spatial derivatives of the Riesz type, defined in terms of the direct and inverse Fourier transform. In this form, it can be realized by spatial-domain light propagation in optical setups with a specially devised combination of mirrors, lenses, and phase masks. The results presented in the article were chiefly obtained in a numerical form. Some analytical findings are included too -- in particular, for fast moving solitons, and results produced by the variational approximation. Also briefly considered are dissipative solitons which are governed by the fractional complex Ginzburg-Landau equation.