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Optimization of light fields in ghost imaging using dictionary learning
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 18:32 authored by Chenyu Hu, Zhisheng Tong, Zhentao Liu, Zengfeng Huang, Jian Wang, Shensheng Han
Ghost imaging (GI) is a novel imaging technique based on the second-order correlation of light fields. Due to limited number of samplings in practice, traditional GI methods often reconstruct objects with unsatisfactory quality. To improve the imaging results, many reconstruction methods have been developed, yet the reconstruction quality is still fundamentally restricted by the modulated light fields. In this paper, we propose to improve the imaging quality of GI by optimizing the light fields, which is realized via matrix optimization for a learned dictionary incorporating the sparsity prior of objects. A closed-form solution of the sampling matrix, which enables successive sampling, is derived. Through simulation and experimental results, it is shown that the proposed scheme leads to better imaging quality compared to the state-of-the-art optimization methods for light fields, especially at a low sampling rate.
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