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Orientation-Controlled Construction of Superstructures of Atomically-Flat Nanocrystals: Pushing the Limits of Ultra-Thin Colloidal Gain Media

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posted on 2023-11-30, 19:51 authored by Onur Erdem, Sina Foroutan, Negar Gheshlaghi, Burak Guzelturk, Yemliha Altintas, Hilmi Volkan Demir
We propose and demonstrate a method for the construction of highly uniform, multilayered, orientation-controlled superstructures of CdSe/CdZnS core/shell colloidal nanoplatelets (NPLs) using bi-phase liquid interface. These atomically-flat nanocrystals are sequentially deposited, all face-down onto a solid substrate, into slabs having monolayer-precise thickness and excellent homogeneity over several tens of cm2 areas. Owing to the near-unity surface coverage and film uniformity of this deposition technique, amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) is observed from an uncharacteristically thin colloidal film having only 6 layers of NPLs, which corresponds to a mere 42 nm thickness. Furthermore, systematic studies of optical gain properties of these NPL superstructures constructed having precise numbers of NPL layers tuned from 6 to 15 revealed the reduction in the gain threshold with the increasing number of NPL monolayers, along with a continuous spectral shift in the position of the ASE peak (by ~18 nm). These observations can be well explained by the variation of the optical field confinement factor with the NPL waveguide thickness and propagation wavelength. This work demonstrates the possibility of fabricating thickness-tunable, large-area three-dimensional superstructures made of NPL building blocks, which can be additively constructed one monolayer at a time. The proposed technique can also be extended to build hybrid NPL films of mixed orientations and allow for precise large-area device engineering.



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