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Perfect anomalous reflectors at optical frequencies

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posted on 2023-01-12, 14:27 authored by Tao He, Tong Liu, Shiyi Xiao, Zeyong Wei, Zhanshan Wang, Lei Zhou, Xinbin Cheng
Reflecting light to a pre-determined non-specular direction is an important ability of metasurfaces, which is the basis for a wide range of applications (e.g., beam steering/splitting and imaging). However, anomalous reflection with 100% efficiency has not been achieved at optical frequencies in conventional metasurfaces, due to losses and/or insufficient nonlocal control of light waves. Here, we propose a new type of all-dielectric quasi-three-dimensional subwavelength structures, consisting of multilayer films and specifically designed meta-gratings, to achieve perfect anomalous reflections at optical frequencies. A complex multiple scattering process was stimulated by effectively coupling different Bloch waves and propagating waves in the proposed meta-system, thus offering the whole meta-system the desired nonlocal control on light waves required to achieve perfect anomalous reflections. Two perfect anomalous reflectors were designed to reflect normally incident 1550 nm light to the 40{\deg} and 75{\deg} directions with absolute efficiencies higher than 99%, and were subsequently fabricated and experimentally demonstrated to exhibit efficiencies 98% and 88%, respectively. Our results pave the way towards realizing optical meta-devices with desired high efficiencies in realistic applications.

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