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Perturbation theory for Maxwell's equations in anisotropic materials with shifting boundaries
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 21:02 authored by Di Yu, Xiaomin Lv, Boyu Fan, Ju Gao, Jingdao Tang, Nan Xu, You Wang, Haizhi Song, Qiang Zhou, Guangwei Deng
Perturbation theory is a kind of estimation method based on theorem of Taylor expansion, and is useful to investigate electromagnetic solutions of small changes. By considering a sharp boundary as a limit of smoothed systems, previous study has solved the problem when applying standard perturbation theory to Maxwell's equations for small shifts in isotropic dielectric interfaces. However, when dealing with anisotropic materials, an approximation is conducted and leads to an unsatisfactory error. Here we develop a modified perturbation theory for small shifts in anisotropically dielectric interfaces. By using optimized smoothing function for each component of permittivity, we obtain a method to calculate the intrinsic frequency shifts of anisotropic permittivity field when boundaries shift, without approximation. Our method shows accurate results when calculating eigenfrequency's shifts in strong-anisotropy materials, and can be widely used for small shifts in anisotropically dielectric interfaces.