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Phase-controlled Optical PT symmetry and asymmetric light diffraction in one- and two-dimensional optical lattices

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posted on 2023-11-30, 19:37 authored by Ali Akbar Naeimi, Elham Darabi, Ali Mortezapour, Ghasem Naeimi
We propose a novel scheme for asymmetric light diffraction of a weak probe field into a one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) lattice occupied with cold atoms. The atoms are driven into the double lambda-type configuration by a standing wave, two coupling laser fields and a probe. Our study suggests the proposed scheme is capable of forming an asymmetric diffraction as a result of inducing optical parity-time symmetry in both 1D and 2D lattices. Moreover it is demonstrated that the asymmetric pattern of diffraction can be dynamically manipulated by means of adjusting the relative phase. Furthermore it is revealed that in the case of 1D lattice (grating), variation of the intensities of the coupling fields has a significant impact on the intensity of diffraction orders in the uneven distribution of diffraction.

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