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Phase memory for optical vortex beams

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posted on 2023-01-12, 13:50 authored by Mahdi Eshaghi, Cristian Hernando Acevedo, Mahed Batarseh, Aristide Dogariu
Optical vortex beams have been under considerable attention recently due to their demonstrated potential for applications ranging from optical communication to particle trapping. Practical problems related to the dependence between their phase structure and the physical size have been addressed by introducing the concept of perfect optical vortex beams. Propagation of these structured beams through different levels of disturbances is critical for their uses. For the first time, we examine quantitatively the degradation of perfect optical vortex beams after their interaction with localized random media. We developed an analytical model that describes how the spatial correlation length and the phase variance of the disturbance affect the phase distribution across the vortex beams. This allows to ascertain the regimes of randomness where the beams maintain the memory of their initial vorticity. Systematic numerical simulations and controlled experiments demonstrate the extent of this memory effect for beams with different vorticity indices.

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