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Phase retrieval with physics informed zero-shot learning

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posted on 2023-01-11, 22:58 authored by Sanjeev Kumar
Phase can be reliably estimated from a single diffracted intensity image, if a faithful prior information about the object is available. Examples include amplitude bounds, object support, sparsity in the spatial or a transform domain, deep image prior and the prior learnt from the labelled datasets by a deep neural network. Deep learning facilitates state of art reconstruction quality but requires a large labelled dataset (ground truth-measurement pair acquired in the same experimental conditions) for training. To alleviate this data requirement problem, this letter proposes a zero-shot learning method. The letter demonstrates that the object-prior learnt by a deep neural network while being trained for a denoising task can also be utilized for the phase retrieval, if the diffraction physics is effectively enforced on the network output. The letter additionally demonstrates that the incorporation of total variation in the proposed zero-shot framework facilitates the reconstruction of similar quality in lesser time (e.g. ~8.5 fold, for a test reported in this letter).

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