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Photoinduced topological phase transition in monolayer Ti$_2$SiCO$_2$

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posted on 2023-12-26, 17:00 authored by Pu Liu, Chaoxi Cui, Zhi-Ming Yu
The TiSiCO-family monolayer $X_2Y$CO$_2$($X$=Ti, Zr, Hf; $Y$=Si, Ge) is a two-dimensional second-order topological insulator with unique valley-layer coupling in equilibrium condition. In this work, based on the four-band tight-binding (TB) model of monolayer Ti$_2$SiCO$_2$ (ML-TiSiCO) and the Floquet theory, we study the non-equilibrium properties of the ML-TiSiCO under a periodic field of laser and a gate-electric field. We find the interaction between the time-periodic polarized light and the electric field can lead to a variety of intriguing topological phase transitions. By driving the system with only circularly polarized light (CPL), a photoinduced topological phase transition occurs from a second-order topological insulator to a Chern insulator with a Chern number of $C=\pm$2, and the sign of the Chern number $C$ is determined by the chirality of the incident light. Further adding a perpendicular electric field, we find that the ML-TiSiCO exhibits a rich phase diagram, consisting of Chern insulators with different Chern numbers and various topological semimetals. In contrast, since the linearly polarized light (LPL) does not break time-reversal symmetry, the Chern number of the system would not be changed under the irradiation of LPL. However, there still exist many topological phases, including second-order topological insulator, topological semi-Dirac, Dirac and valley-polarized Dirac semimetals under the interaction between the LPL and the electric field. Our results not only enhance the understanding of the fundamental properties of ML-TiSiCO but also broaden the potential applications of such materials in optoelectronic devices.



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