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Photoionization-induced broadband dispersive wave generated in an Ar-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber
preprintposted on 2023-01-11, 21:43 authored by Jianhua Fu, Yifei Chen, Zhiyuan Huang, Fei Yu, Dakun Wu, Jinyu Pan, Cheng Zhang, Ding Wang, Meng Pang, Yuxin Leng
The resonance band in hollow-core photonic crystal fiber (HC-PCF), while leading to high-loss region in the fiber transmission spectrum, has been successfully used for generating phase-matched dispersive wave (DW). Here, we report that the spectral width of the resonance-induced DW can be largely broadened due to plasma-driven blueshifting soliton. In the experiment, we observed that in a short length of Ar-filled single-ring HC-PCF the soliton self-compression and photoionization effects caused a strong spectral blueshift of the pump pulse, changing the phase-matching condition of the DW emission process. Therefore, broadening of DW spectrum to the longer-wavelength side was obtained with several spectral peaks, which correspond to the generation of DW at different positions along the fiber. In the simulation, we used super-Gauss windows with different central wavelengths to filter out these DW spectral peaks, and studied the time-domain characteristics of these peaks respectively using Fourier transform method. The simulation results verified that these multiple-peaks on the DW spectrum have different delays in the time domain, agreeing well with our theoretical prediction. Remarkably, we found that the whole time-domain DW trace can be compressed to ~29 fs using proper chirp compensation. The experimental and numerical results reported here provide some insight into the resonance-induced DW generation process in gas-filled HC-PCFs, they could also pave the way to ultrafast pulse generation using DW-emission mechanism.