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Photonic interface between subcarrier wave and dual rail encodings

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posted on 2023-01-10, 02:51 authored by K. S. Melnik, E. S. Moiseev
Quantum key distribution with multimode subcarrier wave encoding is propitious for being robust against environmental disturbance. For application in long-distance quantum communications this encoding has to be compatible with entanglement-assisted quantum repeaters that are commonly designed to work with dual rail encodings. We propose and demonstrate an interface between subcarrier wave and dual rail encodings with a fidelity of more than 92\% using a linear optical circuit. The developed scheme may find an application in future heterogeneous quantum networks that combine quantum key distribution with trusted and non-trusted nodes.



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