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Photothermal effects in small gold nanorod aggregates for therapeutic applications

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posted on 2023-01-12, 13:53 authored by Dheeraj Pratap, Ram Krishna Shah, Sameer Khandekar, Sanjeev Soni
Proximity of the metal nanoparticles enhance the plasmonic coupling and shifts the resonance. This article presents a numerical study of the photothermal effect in aggregates of small gold nanorods considering the ordered as well as random aggregates. In the ordered aggregates, there is lateral coupling which causes blueshifts in the plasmonic resonance, while in the random aggregates there are redshifts in the plasmonic resonance. The plasmon response of latter could be tailored up to the second infrared biological therapeutic window. It has been observed that the aggregates show higher absorption power and therefore, higher temperature rise compared to the single gold nanorod or monodispersive nanorods. The absorption resonance peak position of the random aggregate depends on the incident and polarization angles of the incident light. The aggregation of the nanoparticles often inherently occurs in the biological medium which affects the photothermal process. This study helps to understand the photothermal heating of nanoparticle aggregates and the use of the optimal light source concerning the absorption peak of the aggregates suspension for therapeutic uses.

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