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Photothermal gas detection using a miniaturized fiber Fabry-Perot cavity

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posted on 2023-11-23, 17:00 authored by Karol Krzempek, Piotr Jaworski, Lukas Tenbrake, Florian Giefer, Dieter Meschede, Sebastian Hofferberth, Hannes Pfeifer
We demonstrate a robust and miniaturized fiber Fabry-Perot cavity-based sensor for photothermal spectroscopic signal retrieval. The proof-of-concept experiment involved the use of a near-infrared pump laser to detect methane molecules on an isolated overtone 2.3 R(4) transition located at 6057.1 cm-1. The photothermal-related modulation of the gas refractive index was induced at the center of the interferometer, which was filled with the sample. Subsequently, the phase change of the resonating probe beam was measured as a shift in the reflected beam intensity, which was proportional to the methane concentration. A normalized noise equivalent absorption coefficient of 7.06 x 10-8 cm-1 W Hz-1/2 was achieved, suggesting significant potential for the design of small and versatile gas detectors with excellent detectivity. We discuss future improvements of the proposed photothermal gas detection approach.

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