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Physics and Mathematics of the Photoluminescence of Complex Systems

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posted on 2023-11-30, 21:07 authored by Ambra Lattanzi, Giuseppe Dattoli, Giuseppe Baldacchini
The photoluminescence (PL) of thermally evaporated Alq3 thin films has been studied in a few samples annealed and non-annealed and afterwards exposed to the laboratory atmosphere for over six years. It was found that the measured emission intensity decays with a long lifespan and with four different time-spectral behaviors, which imply the existence of four molecular aggregations, or components. In particular, the time behavior of each component follows the trend of a Kohlrausch-Williams-Watt (KWW) function, which is well known in mathematics but without any physical meaning. Here, by introducing the concept of the material clock, the system has been described by a damped harmonic oscillator, which in certain conditions, fulfilled in the present case, allows the expansion of the KWW function in the so-called Prony series. The terms of this series can be attributed to chemical and physical processes that really contribute to the decay, i.e. the degradation, of the Alq3 thin films when interacting with internal and environmental agents. These insights unveiled the usefulness of proper mathematical procedures and properties, such as the monotonicity and the complete monotonicity, for investigating the PL of this ubiquitous organometallic molecule, which possesses one among the highest emission yield. Moreover, this method is also promising for describing the photoluminescent processes of similar organic molecules important both for basic research and optoelectronic applications.



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