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Polarized light emission from graphene induced by terahertz pulses

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posted on 2023-01-10, 02:24 authored by I. V. Oladyshkin, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Korzhimanov, A. A. Murzanev, Yu. A. Sergeev, A. I. Korytin, M. D. Tokman, A. N. Stepanov
Spontaneous optical emission of graphene irradiated by intense single-cycle terahertz pulses was investigated experimentally and explained theoretically. We found that emitted photons are polarized predominantly perpendicular to the electric field of the terahertz pulse, which proves that the terahertz field not only heats the electrons, but also creates a strongly nonequilibrium momentum distribution. Comparison of the measured optical spectrum and polarization anisotropy with the results of numerical modeling allowed us to estimate a momentum isotropization time for electrons in graphene to be ~25 fs and roughly reconstruct the distribution function evolution in k-space.

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