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2023_0814_MATLIS-Multi-cycle THz with Pulsetrain.pdf (1.63 MB)
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Precise parameter control of multicycle terahertz generation in PPLN using flexible pump pulse trains

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posted on 2023-08-25, 10:00 authored by Nicholas Matlis, Zhelin Zhang, Umit Demirbas, Christian Rentschler, Koustuban Ravi, Mohamed Youssef, Giovanni Cirmi, Marvin Edelmann, Sedigheh Malekmohamadi, Simon Reuter, Mikhail Pergament, Franz Kaertner
The low (sub %) efficiencies so-far demonstrated for nonlinear optical down-conversion to terahertz (THz) frequencies are a primary limiting factor in the generation of high-energy, high-field THz-radiation pulses (in particular narrowband, multicycle pulses) needed for many scientific fields. However, simulations predict that far higher conversion efficiencies are possible by use of suitably-optimized optical sources. Here we implement a customized optical laser system producing highly-tunable trains of infrared pulses and systematically explore the experimental optimization of the down-conversion process. Our setup, which allows tuning of the energy, duration, number and periodicity of the pulses in the train, provides a unique capability to test predictions of analytic theory and simulation on the parameter dependences for the optical-to-THz difference-frequency generation process as well as to map out, with unprecedented precision, key properties of the nonlinear crystal medium. We discuss the agreements and deviations between simulation and experimental results which, on the one hand, shed light on limitations of the existing theory, and on the other hand, provide the first steps in a recipe for development of practical, high-field, efficiency-optimized THz sources.


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Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (KA908-12/1); European Research Council (FP7/2007-2013,609920,ERC Synergy Grant "AXSIS")

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