Preserving polarization maintaining photons for enhanced contrast imaging of the retina-Final.pdf (1.62 MB)
Preserving polarization maintaining photons for enhanced contrast imaging of the retina
preprintposted on 2023-07-20, 10:19 authored by Xincheng Yao, ALFA ROSSI, Taeyoon Son, Mojtaba Rahimi, R.V. Chan
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of using polarization maintaining photons for enhanced contrast imaging of the retina. Orthogonal-polarization control has been frequently used in conventional fundus imaging systems to minimize reflection artifacts. However, the orthogonal-polarization configuration also rejects the directly reflected photons, which preserve the polarization condition of incident light, from the superficial layer of the fundus, i.e., the retina, and thus reduce the contrast of retinal imaging. We report here a portable fundus camera which can simultaneously perform orthogonal polarization control to reject back-reflected light from the ophthalmic lens and parallel polarization control to preserve the backscattered light from the retina which partially maintains the polarization state of the incoming light. This portable device utilizes miniaturized indirect ophthalmoscopy illumination to achieve non-mydriatic imaging, with a snapshot field of view of 101° eye-angle (67° visual-angle). Comparative analysis of retinal images acquired with a traditional orthogonal-polarization-based fundus camera from both normal and diseased eyes was conducted to validate the usefulness of the proposed design. The parallel polarization control for enhanced contrast in high dynamic range imaging has also been validated.