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Pressure-controlled Structural Symmetry Transition in Layered InSe

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posted on 2023-11-30, 18:04 authored by Huimin Su, Xuan Liu, Chengrong Wei, Junning Li, Zeyuan Sun, Qiye Liu, Xuefeng Zhou, Junhong Deng, Huan Yi, Qiaoyan Hao, Yusheng Zhao, Shanmin Wang, Li Huang, Shiwei Wu, Wenjing Zhang, Guixin Li, Jun-Feng Dai
Structural symmetry of crystals plays important roles in physical properties of two-dimensional (2D) materials, particularly in the nonlinear optics regime. It has been a long-term exploration on the physical properties in 2D materials with various stacking structures, which correspond to different structural symmetries. Usually, the manipulation of rotational alignment between layers in 2D heterostructures has been realized at the synthetic stage through artificial stacking like assembling Lego bricks. However, the reconfigurable control of translational symmetry of crystalline structure is still challenging. High pressure, as a powerful external control knob, provides a very promising route to circumvent this constraint. Here, we experimentally demonstrate a pressure-controlled symmetry transition in layered InSe. The continuous and reversible evolution of structural symmetries can be in-situ monitored by using the polarization-resolved second harmonic generation (SHG) spectroscopy. As pressure changes, the reconfigurable symmetry transition of the SHG pattern from three-fold rotational symmetry to mirror symmetry was experimentally observed in a layered InSe samples and was successfully explained by the proposed interlayer-translation model. This opens new routes towards potential applications of manipulating crystal symmetry of 2D materials.



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