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Propagation and excitation properties of nonlinear surface plasmon polaritons in a rectangular barrier

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posted on 2023-01-12, 14:59 authored by Xiangchun Tian, Yundong Zhang, Yu Duan, Yong Zhou, Chaohua Tan
We propose a scheme to study the nonlinear propagation properties of nonlinear surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in a three level $\Lambda$ type electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) system with modulation of a rectangular barrier. Based on the multi scale method, the nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation (NLSE) describing nonlinear propagation of SPPs is derived, and the rectangular barrier affecting propagation of nonlinear SPPs is provided by an off-resonance Stark field. For the single nonlinear SPPs incident case, by adjusting the height and half width of the barrier, we can realize transmission, trapping and reflection of the nonlinear SPPs. For two nonlinear SPPs symmetrical incident case, we find that a periodic intensity distribution in transverse direction mode can be excited in the rectangular barrier, and we study the relationship between propagation properties of such excited modes in the barrier with nonlinearity, half width of the barrier and phase difference of the initial nonlinear SPPs. In addition, we design an optical switch of nonlinear SPPs based on the above results. The results obtained here not only provide a theoretical basis for the study of the interaction between nonlinear SPPs and external potentials, but also have broad application prospects in the field of optical information at micro/nano scale.



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