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Quantitative near-field characterization of Surface Plasmon Polaritons on nanofabricated transmission structure
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 20:05 authored by Aleksandra Sierant, Benedykt R. Jany, Tomasz Kawalec
The tailoring of plasmonic near-fields is central to the field of nanophotonics. The detailed knowledge of the field distribution is crucial for a design and fabrication of plasmonic sensors, detectors, photovoltaics, plasmon-based cicuits, nanomanipulators, electrooptic plasmonic modulators and atomic devices. We report on a fully quantitative comparison between near field observation and numerical calculations, considering the intensity distribution for TM and TE polarisations, necessary for the construction of devices in all these areas. We present the near field scanning microscopy (NSOM) results of Surface Plasmon Polaritons (SPPs), excited by linearly polarized illumination on a gold, nanofabricated transmission grating. The optimization process is performed for infrared light, for future applications in cold atoms trapping and plasmonic sensing. We show the in situ processes of build up and propagation of SPPs and confirm that the out of plane component is not coupled to the aperture-type NSOM probe.