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Quantum Conformance Test
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 21:18 authored by Giuseppe Ortolano, Pauline Boucher, Ivo Pietro Degiovanni, Elena Losero, Marco Genovese, Ivano Ruo Berchera
We introduce a protocol addressing the conformance test problem, which consists in determining whether a process under test conforms to a reference one. We consider a process to be characterized by the set of end-product it produces, which is generated according to a given probability distribution. We formulate the problem in the context of hypothesis testing and consider the specific case in which the objects can be modeled as pure loss channels. We demonstrate theoretically that a simple quantum strategy, using readily available resources and measurement schemes in the form of two-mode squeezed vacuum and photon-counting, can outperform any classical strategy. We experimentally implement this protocol, exploiting optical twin beams, validating our theoretical results, and demonstrating that, in this task, there is a quantum advantage in a realistic setting.