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Quantum sensing of open systems: Estimation of damping constants and temperature

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posted on 2023-11-30, 20:19 authored by Jiaxuan Wang, Luiz Davidovich, Girish Saran Agarwal
We determine quantum precision limits for estimation of damping constants and temperature of lossy bosonic channels. A direct application would be the use of light for estimation of the absorption and the temperature of a transparent slab. Analytic lower bounds are obtained for the uncertainty in the estimation, through a purification procedure that replaces the master equation description by a unitary evolution involving the system and ad hoc environments. For zero temperature, Fock states are shown to lead to the minimal uncertainty in the estimation of damping, with boson-counting being the best measurement procedure. In both damping and temperature estimates, sequential pre-thermalization measurements, through a stream of single bosons, may lead to huge gain in precision.

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