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Reconfigurable Metasurface: A Systematic Categorization and Recent Advances

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posted on 2023-01-06, 17:04 authored by Changhao Liu, Fan Yang, Shenheng Xu, Maokun Li
Considering the rapid progress of theory, design, fabrication and applications, metasurface (MTS) has become a new research frontier in microwave, terahertz and optical bands. Reconfigurable metasurface (R-MTS) can dynamically modulate electromagnetic (EM) wave with unparalleled flexibility, which leads to great research tide in recent years. Numerous R-MTSs with powerful capabilities and various functions are presented explosively. In light of the five dimensions of EM wave, this review proposes a unified model to describe the interactions among R-MTS, EM wave and EM information, and suggests information bit allocation strategy to categorize different types of R-MTSs systematically. As recent advances of R-MTS, 1-bit and 2-bit elements manipulating different wave dimensions are reviewed respectively in detail. Finally, this review discusses the future research trends of R-MTS. Hopefully, R-MTSs with diverse dimensions and functions can propel the next generation of communication, detection, sensing, imaging and computing applications.

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