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Rectified phase-matching equation for fiber mode converter gratings using two-mode interference
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 20:44 authored by Soham Basu
The resonance wavelength, where a fiber mode converter grating written using periodic external perturbations achieves phase matching, is both a critical design parameter and a device parameter. However, a method to precisely predict the resonance wavelength for any new fiber and grating writing apparatus has been missing so far. The missing link was the lack of direct experimental methods to estimate the modified intermodal phase after writing with external perturbations. The presented method can make this estimation from a single experiment, over a broad wavelength range, based on a novel mathematical connection between two-mode interference and mode conversion. Using the novel methods, experimentally measured resonance wavelengths for different pitch and irradiation conditions have been predicted within relative errors of 0.004.