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Refraction of space-time wave packets: II. Experiments at normal incidence

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posted on 2023-01-11, 22:37 authored by Alyssa M. Allende Motz, Murat Yessenov, Basanta Bhaduri, Ayman F. Abouraddy
The refraction of space-time (ST) wave packets offers many fascinating surprises with respect to conventional pulsed beams. In paper (I) of this sequence, we described theoretically the refraction of all families of ST wave packets at normal and oblique incidence at a planar interface between two non-dispersive, homogeneous, isotropic dielectrics. Here, in paper (II) of this sequence, we present experimental verification of the novel refractive phenomena predicted for `baseband' ST wave packets upon normal incidence on a planar interface. Specifically, we observe group-velocity invariance, normal and anomalous refraction, and group-velocity inversion leading to group-delay cancellation. These phenomena are verified in a set of optical materials with refractive indices ranging from 1.38 to 1.76, including MgF$_2$, fused silica, BK7 glass, and sapphire. We also provide a geometrical representation of the physics associated with anomalous refraction in terms of the dynamics of the spectral support domain for ST wave packets on the surface of the light-cone.



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