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Refractive-index-sensing radio-frequency comb with intracavity multi-mode interference fibre sensor
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 05:15 authored by Roy Oe, Shuji Taue, Takeo Minamikawa, Kosuke Nagai, Yasuhiro Mizutani, Tetsuo Iwata, Hirotsugu Yamamoto, Hideki Fukano, Yoshiaki Nakajima, Kaoru Minoshima, Takeshi Yasui
Optical frequency combs have attracted attention as optical frequency rulers due to their tooth-like discrete spectra together with their inherent mode-locking nature and phase-locking control to a frequency standard. Based on this concept, their applications until now have been demonstrated in the fields of optical frequency metrology and optical distance metrology. However, if the utility of optical combs can be further expanded beyond their optical-frequency-ruler-based application by exploiting new aspects of optical combs, this will lead to new developments in optical metrology and instrumentation. Here, we report a fibre sensing application of optical combs based on a coherent frequency link between the optical and radio-frequency regions, enabling high-precision refractive index measurement of a liquid sample based on frequency measurement in radio-frequency region. Our technique encodes a refractive index change of a liquid sample into a radio-frequency comb by a combination of an intracavity multi-mode-interference fibre sensor and wavelength dispersion of a cavity fibre. Then, the change in refractive index is read out by measuring the repetition frequency of the radio-frequency comb with a frequency counter and a frequency standard. Use of an optical comb as a photonic radio-frequency converter will lead to the development of new applications in high-precision fibre sensing with the help of functional fibre sensors and precise radio-frequency measurement.