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Regular Self-Pulsations in External Cavity Mid-IR Quantum Cascade Lasers
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 17:53 authored by Nikola N. Vukovic, Jelena V. Radovanovic, Vitomir B. Milanovic, Alexander V. Antonov, Dmitry I. Kuritsyn, Vladimir V. Vaks, Dmitri L. Boiko
We show theoretically and experimentally that a quantum cascade laser (QCL) in an external Fabry-Perot cavity (EC) can produce regular self-pulsations (SP) of the output intensity at frequencies ~75 GHz. We recognize that the propagation delay in EC provides QCL with a "memory" mechanism to preserve the regularity and coherence of the pulse train on the intervals significantly exceeding the sub-picosecond gain coherence and gain recovery times. These results may point to novel practical approaches for producing regular time-domain SPs and pulse trains in the Mid-IR QCLs. Otherwise, due to a multimode Risken-Nummedal-Graham-Haken (RNGH) instability, free-running FP QCLs exhibit SPs at Rabi flopping frequencies in the THz range, which in addition, reveal a quasi-periodic chaotic behavior if the cavity round trip time is a few picoseconds or more.