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Relativistic aberration and null Doppler shift within the framework of superluminal and subluminal nondiffracting waves
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 19:57 authored by Peeter Saari, Ioannis M. Besieris
The relativistic aberration of a wavevector and the corresponding Doppler shift are examined in connection with superluminal and subluminal spatiotemporally localized pulsed optical waves. The requirement of a null Doppler shift is shown to give rise to a speed associated with the relativistic velocity composition law of a double (two-step) Lorentz transformation. The effects of such a transformation are examined both in terms of four-coordinates and in the spectral domain. It is established that a subluminal pulse reverses its direction. In addition to a change in direction, the propagation term of a superluminal pulse becomes negative. The aberration due to a double Lorentz transformation is examined in detail for propagation invariant superluminal waves (X wave, Bessel X wave), as well as intensity-invariant superluminal and subluminal waves. Detailed symmetry considerations are provided for the superluminal focus X wave and the subluminal MacKinnon wavepacket.