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Room-temperature continuous-wave pumped exciton polariton condensation in a perovskite microcavity

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posted on 2023-11-23, 17:00 authored by Jiepeng Song, Sanjib Ghosh, Xinyi Deng, Qiuyu Shang, Xinfeng Liu, Yubin Wang, Xiaoyue Gao, Wenkai Yang, Xianjin Wang, Qing Zhao, Kebin Shi, Peng Gao, Qihua Xiong, Qing Zhang
Microcavity exciton polaritons (polaritons) as part-light part-matter quasiparticles, garner significant attention for non-equilibrium Bose-Einstein condensation at elevated temperatures. Recently, halide perovskites have emerged as promising room-temperature polaritonic platforms thanks to their large exciton binding energies and superior optical properties. However, currently, inducing room-temperature non-equilibrium polariton condensation in perovskite microcavities requires optical pulsed excitations with high excitation densities. Herein, we demonstrate continuous-wave optically pumped polariton condensation with an exceptionally low threshold of ~0.6 W cm-2 and a narrow linewidth of ~1 meV. Polariton condensation is unambiguously demonstrated by characterizing the nonlinear behavior and coherence properties. We also identify a microscopic mechanism involving the potential landscape in the perovskite microcavity, where numerous discretized energy levels arising from the hybridization of adjacent potential minima enhance the polariton relaxation, facilitating polariton condensate formation. Our findings lay the foundation for the next-generation energy-efficient polaritonic devices operating at room temperature.

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