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Routing of valley photons in a WS2 monolayer via delocalized Bloch modes of in-plane inversion-symmetry broken photonic crystal slabs

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posted on 2023-11-30, 19:36 authored by Jiajun Wang, Han Li, Yating Ma, Maoxiong Zhao, Wenzhe Liu, Bo Wang, Shiwei Wu, Xiaohan Liu, Lei Shi, Tian Jiang, Jian Zi
The valleys of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) offer a new degree of freedom for information processing. To take advantage of this valley degree of freedom, on one hand, it is feasible to control valleys by utilizing different external stimuli like optical and electric fields. On the other hand, nanostructures are also used to separate the valleys by near field coupling. However, for both above methods, either required low-temperature environment or low degree of coherence properties limit their further applications. Here, we demonstrate all-dielectric photonic crystal (PhC) slabs without in-plane inversion symmetry (C2 symmetry) could separate and route valley photons in a WS2 monolayer at room temperature. Coupling with circularly polarized photonic Bloch modes of such PhC slabs, valley photons emitted by a WS2 monolayer are routed directionally and efficiently separated in the far field. In addition, the far-field emission is directionally enhanced and with long-distance spatial coherence property.

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