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Scalable quantum photonic devices emitting indistinguishable photons in the telecom C-band

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Version 2 2023-06-08, 13:04
Version 1 2023-04-07, 16:01
posted on 2023-06-08, 13:04 authored by Paweł Holewa, Emilia Zięba-Ostój, Daniel A. Vajner, Maja Wasiluk, Benedek Gaál, Aurimas Sakanas, Marek Burakowski, Paweł Mrowiński, Bartosz Krajnik, Meng Xiong, Alexander Huck, Kresten Yvind, Niels Gregersen, Anna Musiał, Tobias Heindel, Marcin Syperek, Elizaveta Semenova
Epitaxial semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) are a promising resource for quantum light generation and the realization of non-linear quantum photonic elements operating at the single-photon level. Their random spatial distribution resulting from their self-organized nature, however, restrains the fabrication yield of quantum devices with the desired functionality. As a solution, the QDs can be imaged and localized, enabling deterministic device fabrication. Due to the significant electronic noise of camera sensors operating in the telecommunication C-band, $1530-1560~\mathrm{nm}$, this technique remained challenging. In this work, we report on the imaging of QDs epitaxially grown on InP with emission wavelengths in the telecom C-band demonstrating a localization accuracy of $80~\mathrm{nm}$. This is enabled by the hybrid integration of QDs in a planar sample geometry with a bottom metallic reflector to enhance the out-of-plane emission. To exemplify our approach, we successfully fabricate circular Bragg grating cavities around single pre-selected QDs with an overall cavity placement uncertainty of $90~\mathrm{nm}$. QD-cavity coupling is demonstrated by a Purcell enhancement up to $\sim5$ with an estimated photon extraction efficiency of $(16.6\pm2.7)\%$ into a numerical aperture of $0.4$. We demonstrate triggered single-photon emission with $g^{(2)}(0)=(3.2\pm0.6)\times10^{-3}$ and record-high photon indistinguishability associated with two-photon interference visibilities of $V = (19.3\pm2.6)\%$ and $V_{\mathrm{PS}} = 99.8^{+0.2}_{-2.6}\%$ without and with temporal postselection, respectively. While the performance of our devices readily enables proof-of-principle experiments in quantum information, further improvements in the yield and coherence may enable the realization of non-linear devices at the single photon level and advanced quantum networks at the telecom wavelength.



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